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This is my attempt to recreate Brown & Haley's Mocha Roca using the English Toffee recipe as a base. I wanted real coffee flavor so I opted for three shots of real espresso in addition to the more commonly used espresso powder. The result is a dark toffee with an immediate burst of coffee flavor, which is rapidly overtaken by the buttery toffee richness. I have to admin I would prefer the coffee flavor to linger more and perhaps liquer or some other coffee-based ingrients might prolong the flavor.


2 1/2 cups unsalted butter
2 cups sugar
1/2 cup water
1 teaspoon salt
3 shots espresso
3 tablespoons espresso powder
1 cup chopped, unsalted, dry roasted almonds

1 1/2 pounds dark chocolate
6 ounces milk chocolate
2-3 pounds chopped unsalted, dry roasted almonds

Chop nuts for coating and sift away almond flour.
You can do this a week or more in advance. Use a food processor to chop all of the almonds. To reduce the risk of scorching and improve the consistency of the almond coating, use a coarse sieve to filter out the fine almond powder. Discard the powder or save it for a recipe calling for almond flour. Store the almonds in an air tight container until ready to use.

Oil marble board with safflower oil.
If you have marble counters, you could skip running out and getting a marble board. It is actually hard to find large enough ones, though I imagine you could use a silpat mat and any cutting board or surface. Read the rest of the instructions below and get anything else you need handy: phone, remote control, hot mitt, beer(s)—whatever. You are going to be stirring from here on out, so get comfortable.

Slowly melt the butter.
Melt the butter in a copper pot until melted. Melt the butter slowly over low heat—if the butter separates into fat and clarified butter there is a good chance it will never come back together (this is bad). It is tempting to just turn the heat on low and walk off to do other things; keep an eye on the melting butter and stir occasionally (or more). Add the water, sugar and salt and increase heat to medium.

Add espresso shots and powder and cook until it reaches 260° F (127° C).
Add the espresso shots and then the powder and stir to blend. Continue cooking over medium hear until the mixture registers 260° F (127° C), stirring constantly. This will take about 15 minutes or more. If you don't have a television in the kitchen, you will really give it some thought at this point.

Add 1 cup chopped almonds and stir constantly until 305° F (152° C).
Add the almonds to the hot butter mixture. The temperature will drop, and you can pause worrying about temperature for a little while. The texture of the mixture will go through several phases and get darker. Stir constantly to avoid scorching. Expect another 10 minutes of stirring or more. The final temperature is important, so when you are near the target temperature, you need to really watch it closely. The temperature may continue to rise another degree after you remove the pot from heat, so remove when you are a half degree before target.

Pour hot toffee onto oiled marble board.
Quickly pour the toffee onto the oiled marble board, spreading it as you pour. Don't worry excessively about scraping the pot as the toffee left there can have a strange texture. At this point I will lift one edge of the marble board and tilt it at an extreme angle in order to encourage the toffee blob to spread. I'll tilt it at several angles and directions until I am satisfied. Ultimately you want a consistent thickness, though it will naturally be a little thinner towards the edges. I usually end up with about 1/4 inch thickness. You can use an oiled rolling pin (a marble rolling pin, ideally) to roll the toffee out. I did this for a couple years but it seems to do weird things to the texture and I ended up with butterfat blisters on the surface of the toffee.

Using an oiled carving knife, begin scoring the toffee as it cools.
If you like the jagged, broken look, skip this part, but I like my toffee in small rectangular shapes. Oil the longest, thinnest knife you have with safflower oil. I use a 12 inch carving knife and it works great, but any chef's knife should work. The toffee cools from the outside in, so you will need to make several passes over the same score lines in the center. I usually aim for rectangles that are about 1 x 3 inches. If the knife picks up some toffee, wipe it off with an oiled paper towel. Even if the center is too gooey to have good scores, you still need to tend to the cooler edges. It takes numerous passes to have lines that will persist.

Let the toffee cool. Speed this up by transferring to another surface.
Very warm toffee will not break nicely, so let it cool before scoring. If you have another surface you can transfer the toffee to you can slide the toffee there to cool as the marble board will retain heat and slow cooling. Using the knife, carefully separate the toffee from the marble until you can pass the knife under all the toffee. Slide the toffee onto the other surface, being careful not to bend the toffee. I transfer the toffee to an oiled plastic pastry board, but you could also just move it to a cool spot on marble counters (it is probably harder to slide the knife underneath all sides with marble countertop—this is where the raised marble board is nice). If you are using silpat, then you can just keep moving the mat around to cool spots on your counter.

Break cooled toffee along score lines and store between wax paper in an airtight container.
Slide the toffee sheet to the edge of your work surface until a score line is aligned with the edge. Apply gentle pressure with both hands across overhanging toffee and you should get a clean break. You can rotate the piece at right angles to keep the smallest side of the rectangle on the overhang. Place pieces between wax paper and store in an airtight container until ready to dip. I wouldn't store them for more than a day like this, and definitely minimize their exposure to air since most sugar-based candies are hygroscopic.

Prepare jelly roll pans with chopped almonds.
Lay a drop cloth on your counter or workspace and set up your chocolate enrobing and almond coating workstation. Layer chopped almonds evenly on a jelly roll pan. Toffee will go from dipping to laying in a bed of chopped almonds.

Temper your favorite chocolate.
See the related technique on tempering chocolate for how and why to temper your chocolate.I have too much candy to make, so I just use a tempering machine rather than fret over chocolate tempering.

Dip the pieces of toffee and lay them in chopped almonds.
Dip the toffee pieces in your tempered chocolate and transfer to the waiting bed of chopped almonds, being careful not to get any almonds on the top of each toffee. Repeat until the jelly roll pan is full. You can then transfer the jelly roll pan to the fridge or a cold room. If you went overboard on the almond chopping, you should have plenty to line another jelly roll pan with, otherwise you must wait for the other toffee to harden enough to permit transfer to another location—an airtight container, ideally.

Temper milk chocolate and drizzle stripes across dark chocolate toffee tops.
Arrange toffees in neat rows on wax lined cookie sheets. Place a small, snadwich sized baggy over the mouth of a glass and fill with approximately 6 ounces of tempered milk chocolate. Snip the corner of the baggy and you have a little piping bag. Practice drizzling on the wax paper. I find that quick, steady passes produce better results than slow deliberate passes. Squeeze gently to expel milk chocolate and stripe away! Let stripes harden fully before handling or storing.

Layer finished toffees between sheets of waxpaper in an airtight container.
Layer finished toffees between sheets of waxpaper in an airtight container at a cool temperature. Storing in the refrigerator is not necessary unless you really want to store it for one or two months. Freshness is key, so consume within 2 weeks for the best taste experience.

Click any image below to enlarge
  1. Comment from Bev 
    8:57 AM   27-Mar-2008
    I just found your blog when looking for a recipe for English Toffee. Your creations look gorgeous! If I try a recipe I will let you know how it turns out!
    1. Response from Brian
      8:09 PM   09-Jul-2008
      Thanks Bev, do let me know how it all worked out
  1. Comment from Teresa Cordell 
    2:15 PM   26-Sep-2008
    These look absolutely delicious. Do you think you could use kahlua instead of espresso and achieve the same results? Thank you for the recipe. Great post.
    1. Response from Brian
      2:12 PM   27-Sep-2008
      The coffee flavor might be too subtle with just Kahlua. Just add a couple more tablespoons of espresso powder if omitting the liquid espresso.
  1. Comment from Leigh 
    5:36 AM   26-Oct-2008
    We want bigger pictures! Please?:)
    1. Response from Brian
      6:28 PM   30-Oct-2008
      Well, you can click on the pictures and make them bigger, but that's as big as I have them on the site. Sorry!
  1. Comment from Cassandra Ingrid 
    3:43 PM   27-Sep-2009
    Hello Brian, another mouth watering recipe. Thanks a lot really for sharing this. This is actually a good business.. I'll bake some together with my mom and then I'll let my friends have a taste first. Who knows, I may become an business person someday. LOL! Thanks again!
    1. Response from Brian
      7:42 PM   04-Oct-2009
      Hi Cassandra, I don't do this for a business--it would be too much work for me, but don't let that stop you. PS don't bake the toffee. ;-)
  1. Comment from sweets in bulk 
    12:21 AM   14-May-2010
    This is impressive. I've been searching for tutorials like this for almost a week and i tend to not understand all of them except your post. It's a good thing you made it in a step by step process. Thanks.
  1. Comment from Beena 
    1:53 AM   30-Jul-2010
    Hi Thanks a lot really for sharing this.
  1. Comment from Spangles Sweets 
    1:14 PM   23-Nov-2010
    You have an amazing blog and the recipes are fantastic.! Can't stop staring at the pics.. You're in my bookmarks. :))
  1. Comment from Rich B 
    10:54 AM   20-Dec-2010
    Love the site! Your toffee is spot on to what I've been making for 20yrs now, can't wait to try the coffee toffee. One difference though is I've always used brown sugar (recipe passed on from my grandma), what are the differences between white and brown sugar in toffee production? And what is the purpose of the water addition?
    1. Response from Brian
      10:07 AM   23-Dec-2010
      I think the brown sugar is just for flavor. Some believe the water helps ensure that all the sugar is dissolved. The coffee flavor on this toffee seems to fade a bit after a week. I've been adding more espresso and powder but the butter is a formidable foe.
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